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History

SIX FOURS LES PLAGES
Collégiale Saint-Pierre
Evidence of settlements in the area can be traced back to the Neolithic period, however the first written record dates back to Antiquity, when a Greek trading post, Tauroeis, was established at the Mouret bridge in the 5th century BC. This was followed by a larger settlement at Brusc at the end of the 3rd century BC. In the Roman period, Tauroeis was destroyed by Julius Caesar in 49 BC, only to be rebuilt under the name Tauroentum.
During the Middle Ages, Six Four was ruled by the Abbots of St Victor of Marseille, the Viscounts of Marseille and the Counts of Provence; a castle and a village were built on what is now known as St Pierre hill.
In 1650, the St Pierre chapel was elevated to a collegiate church. A feudal castle, a hospital, the collegiate church which accommodated up to 11 canons and several chapels also date from this period. A perimeter wall protected the village, which could be entered through 4 doors.                        
Families began to move down towards the plains and the coast and communities began to form. King Louis XIV (1 February 1658) ordered Six Fours to separate from La Seyne and St Mandrier, which still left an area of 2,700 hectares (one of the largest towns in France).    
            
In the 18th century, the old Six Fours was abandoned for the plains. Possible explanations for this phenomenon include a growth in population, lack of water and cultural facilities in Reynier. The population settled in hamlets which bore the name of their families: Catalan, Monet, Julien, Guigou and so on.
The old village of Six Fours was destroyed in around 1870 to build the fort of Six Fours, which explains the absence of an old town in Six Fours nowadays.

Today Six Fours has a population of around 35,000 inhabitants and its main industries are tourism and other service sector activities.
LA SEYNE SUR MER
Porte des anciens chantiers navals
Born from the separation with Six Fours (1658), the small port of La Seyne was originally a district attached to Six Fours, which allowed fishermen to benefit from the exceptional conditions of the location: shelter from wind, rich fishing grounds, fertile land, etc. But as the population and the village grew, La Seyne was granted independence by Cardinal Mazarin. The maritime industry was always going to stay in La Seyne, after a port was created for boats in 1530.

In 1711 the first wooden ship building site opened, using the Cap Sicié forest as its source of wood. In 1835, a shipbuilding company, Société des Forges et Chantiers de la Méditerranée (metal construction), was set up. In 1859, the railway arrived (Paris – Lyon – Marseille), accelerating the pace of construction and resulting in the Pont Levant (1917) being built to relieve the traffic congestion of La Seyne port.  The shipbuilding company was liquidated in 1966 but after huge storms of social protests, a new buyer created the company Construction Navale et Industriel de Méditerranée (C.N.I.M) which closed on 28 February 1989. This past has had a real impact on the identity of La Seyne as generations of the town's residents took their places in the shipbuilding yards: more than 1400 units (liners, warships, submarines, oil platforms, etc.) have been produced here.
 
The coastline outside of the town centre has been shaped by the military port of Toulon and the surrounding structures for its defence, Fort Balaguier (1634), Fort de L'Eguillette (1680), Fort Napoléon (1812) and Peyras Battery (1879, battery equipped with German canons, very unusual).
Tamaris has also influenced the history of La Seyne, as Marius Michel Pacha created this luxury seaside resort from scratch (from 1880 until his death in 1907): hotels, casinos, villas and anything else visitors could want. Everything had to meet the requirements of a luxury winter holiday resort. When the Tamaris holiday resort became less popular, Les Sablettes holiday resort took its place. Its proximity to the beach suited the new fashion for sea-bathing. Razed to the ground during the Second World War, it was completely rebuilt by the architect Fernand Pouillon and listed as a 20th century heritage site.

The second largest city in the Var, today La Seyne has more than 63,000 inhabitants.
 
OLLIOULES
Chateau Féodal d'Ollioules
Its gorges were inhabited during the Neolithic age, but the town of Ollioules was first born in the Oppidum de la Courtine settlement (from the 6th century BC until the year 0). A fortress inhabited by Celtic-Ligurian tribes, it began with Taureis (Le Brusc) and Hyères. During the Pax Romana, (from 1st Century AD), the residents began to cultivate land on the plain.
 
The second period of occupation of Ollioules began in the 9th Century, during the Middle Ages. The land around Ollioules was given to the Viscounts of Marseille and the medieval city was born: a castle, the Saint Laurent church, battlements, and so on. It continued to expand until the Renaissance period, when it underwent remarkable growth, due to the supplies of groundwater that were used to irrigate gardens and feed windmills. Ollioules saw its population grow from 240 to 500 houses between the 15th and 17th centuries.

The town's horticulture industry intensified in the 19th and 20th centuries with the famous floral parade (the first town in the Var to organise one). This activity gradually died out following inflation of land prices, caused by the property market, international competition and hailstorms at the beginning of the 1990s.

Today Ollioules has around 15,000 inhabitants.
Tombeau de l'Amiral Latouche Tréville - Ciimetière Franco italien